Piazza dei Miracoli leveling and Pisa Tower’s slope checking

Supervision, interpretation and direct execution of geodetic and topographic surveys in Piazza dei Miracoli and on the Pisa Tower

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The geodetic and topographic surveys in Piazza dei Miracoli and on the Pisa tower were executed (by the actual Environmental Hydraulics Various Infrastractures Engineering and Surveying Department of Politecnico di Milano) from 1993 to 2012 in Consorzio Progetto Torre di Pisa’s site.

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The levelling net is made of 134 bedrocks in various areas of the Plaza, 72 placed next to the Tower and 8 inside it all checked with variable frequency.

The uncertainty of determination of the partial and total altimetric variations is about 0,1 mm.

The slope and curve’s movements are surveyed with total station motorised from three fixed stations on bedrocks equipped with precision prisms located on the first and the last order in direction of maximum pendency (south) and on all the orders the orders for the curve (west). The measures are taken in the following two days in the same time interval. The uncertain is less than 0,5 mm. The horizontal translation movements are determined with mixed measures, angles, indirect distances, direct distances along the cardinal axes and referred to a bedrocks series in deep weels. The uncertainty is about 0.2 mm.

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